Spinal Injury is damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of function such as mobility or feeling. The spinal cord does not have to be severed in order for a loss of functioning to occur. In most cases the spinal cord is intact but the damage to it results in loss of functioning.
The most common causes of spinal injury are road traffic accidents, domestic and industrial accidents, sporting accidents, viral infections and medical injury and assault.
There are typically two types of lesions associated with a spinal cord injury, these are known as a complete spinal cord injury and an incomplete spinal cord injury. A complete type of injury means the person is completely paralysed below their lesion. Whereas an incomplete injury, means only part of the spinal cord is damaged. A person with an incomplete injury may have sensation below their lesion but no movement, or vice versa. There are many types in incomplete spinal cord injuries, and no two are the same.